Ogun State was carved out of the defunct Western State on February 3, 1976 by the then Federal Military Government of late General Murtala Ramat Muhammed. Ogun State presents as Nigeria's "Gateway State". There is no written literature on why the founding fathers chose the model of "Gateway State" for Ogun. But the physical geography was probably the most obvious justification. Flanking Lagos to the south, Ogun State provides the passage for all human and non-human traffic to and from Lagos, Nigerias premier entrypot and, until recently, the nations capital. Located on the routes (road, rail, air and water) linking Lagos to all other parts of the country (north and east), Ogun States remarkably strategic gateway position could not have escaped the attention of its founding fathers.
Ogun State lies within the tropics and bounded in the West by the Benin Republic, in the South by Lagos State and the Atlantic Ocean, in the East by Ondo State and in the North by Oyo State.
16,409.26 sq kilometres
Local Government Areas
The are 20 Local Governments.The headquarters are:
Abeokuta North Local Government
Abeokuta South Local Government
Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government
Yewa North Local Government
Yewa South Local Government
Ewekoro Local Government
Ifo Local Government
Ijebu East Local Government
Ijebu North Local Government
Ijebu North East Local Government
Ijebu Ode Local Government
Ikenne Local Government
Imeko-Afon Local Government
Ipokia Local Government
Obafemi-Owode Local Government
Ogun Waterside Local Government
Odeda Local Government
Odogbolu Local Government
Remo North Local Government
Sagamu Local Government
2,759,109 (1997 FOS est.)
Ogun State is made up of six ethnic groups viz, the Egba, the Ijebu, the Remo, the Yewa, the Awori and the Egun. The major language in Ogun State is Yoruba
This follows tropical pattern, with the rainy season starting about march and ending in November, followed by dry season.
Extensive fertile soil suitable for agriculture, savannah land in the North westhern part suitable for cattle-rearing vast forest reserves, river, a lagoon, rocks, mineral deposits and an ocean front.
Extensive limestone deposits, chalk, phospahate, high quality stone, gravels, gypsum and tar abound in the state.
By ethnic grouping: